Multi Engine Instrument Rating


The Aim:

The UK CAA Multi Engine / Instrument Rating Course provide the training required for a candidate with no multi engine aeroplane experience, to obtain the JAR Instrument Rating in a multi engine aeroplane. The holder may act as pilot in an aeroplane under Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) in controlled airspace.

Entry Requirements:

A Private or Commercial Pilot’s Licence issued in accordance with ICAO Annex 1 with a night qualification.

  1. 70 hours as pilot-in-command
  2. 50 hours PIC cross-country flight time
  3. Hold a valid UK CAA Class 1 medical certificate
  4. Passed a course of theoretical instruction as set out in the PART-FCL
  5. Demonstrated use of English language as set out in the PART-FCL

Course Description:

Initial training introduces the student to flight in a Piper Seminole and proceeds with general handling until a good proficiency is obtained. This is followed by asymmetric flight during which the student will experience the effects of a single engine failure and learn to safely control the aeroplane under this condition. The student then prepares and rehearses for the Multi Engine skill test.

The training comprises of:

  • 6 hours minimum of dual instruction in the Piper PA44 Seminole
  • 1 hour minimum for the skill test in the Piper PA44 Seminole

The Instrument Rating training is commenced in the FNPT2 flight simulator. Initially the student will learn to control the simulator smoothly and accurately by sole reference to the instruments and to accurately track and hold using VOR and NDB radio navigation aids. A high standard of performance is required before moving on to the next exercises. The student then learns to fly precision and non-precision instrument approaches, and go-around procedures. The go-around procedures will include the practice of the drills associated with engine failure. Finally the student learns how to carry out a standard instrument departure, join the airways system, fly the airways, and make a standard instrument arrival.


The final part of the training takes place in the Piper Seminole and the FNPT2 flight simulator. It begins with general handling both in visual flight and by sole reference to the instruments. Complete routes are then flown in the Piper Seminole where the skills learnt in the first part of the course are transferred from simulator to aircraft. The FNPT2 flight simulator is used whenever remedial work is required and to also to extend the experience of the pilot e.g. by flight in severe weather conditions, or to more distant airfields.

The final part of the training is a formal skill test rehearsal (a 170A test), followed by the skill test.

The training comprises of:

  • 35 hours minimum of dual instruction in the FNPT2 flight simulator
  • 15 hours minimum of dual instruction in the Piper Seminole
  • 2 hours minimum for the skill tests in the Piper Seminole

A further 5 hours training in the simulator is required if a CPL issued in accordance with the ICAO is not held.


Training is full-time or part-time, the full-time course lasting between 8 and 12 weeks dependent on weather conditions.